Gah-Anbar or Gahanbar is an ancient festival which, like many years ago, is still being held in the Zoroastrian houses in Taft City and other villages with Zoroastrian residents.
Ghanbar is the day for party and charity, the day of opening the doors for hosts. Gahanbars are being held once or twice in each house annually. The owner of the house would donate his agricultural and animal products as well as anything he has gained by working throughout a year to everyone who steps to the door of his house.
In Ghanbar, the traditional ovens will be ignited, bread will be baked in the oven and the smell of baking bread wafts out the door to reaches the souls of the house owners’ ancestors. A fried bread called Sirog is also being cooked not only for humans, but also for dogs which are considered as the protectors of the houses and villages, and also for fishes which are the cleaners of the qanats.
Sidosada is the other dish prepared commonly for Gahanbar which has lots of stories behind it and we will tell you about it… A table-cloth is being spread in the “Clean Room” which is a room for prayers, holding the house’s traditions, and remembering the passed away relatives. A light should always be turn on in the room and those who want to enter it should be clean. We will write more about the Clean Room for you to know more about it.
When the priest enters the house with his white cloths, he brings tranquility and cleanness to the house. He steps into the clean room, sits there and recites Avesta to people gathered in other rooms and courtyard. Everyone listens to his voice.
log/lork, a mixture of nuts and dried fruits is essential part of each Gahanbar. Lork will be distributed equally among all who are present, whether they are kings, peasants or children, all have equal shares.
Some houses also offer bread and lunch besides log/Lork which are called bread Gahanbar.
We will talk more about this traditional feasts or Gahanbars in the future.